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March 10, 2017

Medical Tourism: The Next Big Thing

 
medical tourism


Medical tourism can be defined as a process of leaving the country of residence to receive medical care. The growing popularity of medical tourism has attracted the attention of the authorities, researchers and media. Originally, the term refers to the travel of patients in less developed countries to the more developed countries for treatment.

Today, there is a change in both qualitative and quantitative patient mobility, as people from the rich countries travel to less developed countries to avail health services. This change can be explained by the relatively low cost of treatment in the less developed countries and flights availability at low cost and increased marketing and consumer information online for medical services.

The word "tourism" in the concept of medical tourism is that people often stay abroad after the medical procedure. So travelers can enjoy their visiting travel, day trips or participate in any other traditional tourism.

Costs
Medical tourism is a global phenomenon of billions of dollars, which could grow significantly over the next decade. For those interested in healthcare services, the cost is a crucial factor when choosing a doctor abroad.

Because the cost of healthcare is being increased too much in the United States and elsewhere, many employers and insurance companies began to consider medical tourism as a way to lower the treatment cost. More and more countries around the world are starting to see the financial benefits of this market, offering high-quality medical services at significantly lower prices.

The main reason for clinics and hospitals in the developing countries to be able to lower their prices, which is directly related to the economic situation of the nation. A direct correlation with a per capita GDP of the country was observed, which is an indicator of income level. Consequently, the price of surgery is 30% and 70% lower in these countries that promote their medical tourism in comparison to the United States.

Quality
The quality of services in the health sector has two main components: the technical quality or mechanical and service or functional quality. The technical equipment is the main aspect in the diagnostic algorithm of patients, while functional quality is measured by the services offered in health centers (such as service personnel, nurses and especially physicians for patients and their assistants). The quality of service in the medical tourism industry is important to attract customers.

A major obstacle in accepting medical tourism is the perception of inadequate quality. One of the keys to elimination is the use of appropriate marketing strategies and quality assessment by an internationally recognized institution. This accreditation is important to build confidence in the quality of health care.

Treatments
The categories of different treatments and their availability are also an important factor in the decision to participate in the medical tourism. The most common types of treatments that patients continue to travel for medical tourism are elective cosmetic surgery, dental medicine, organs graft, heart surgery and orthopedic surgery.

However, a variety of services can be obtained through medical tourism, various essential treatments for different types of traditional and alternative treatments. Reproductive tourism and reproductive outsourcing are gaining popularity, this is the practice of traveling abroad for surrogacy, IVF and other techniques of assisted reproduction.

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